Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 21 Sep 2011 13:21 and updated at 21 Sep 2011 13:21


ild.01 Achilles", loved of heaven, you bid me tell you about the anger of King Apollo, I will therefore do so; but consider first and swear that you will stand by me heartily in word and deed, for I know that I shall offend one who rules the Argives with might, to whom all the Achaeans are in subjection.
ild.01 Still I will give her up if I must, for I would have the people live, not die; but you must find me a prize instead, or I alone among the Argives shall be without one.
ild.01 Then the God sent a deadly dart upon the Argives, and the people died thick on one another, for the arrows went everywhither among the wide host of the Achaeans.
ild.01 Chryses"," said he, King" Agamemnon has sent me to bring you back your child, and to offer sacrifice to Apollo on behalf of the Danaans, that we may propitiate the God, who has now brought sorrow upon the Argives.
ild.02 He then sat down, and Nestor the prince of Pylos with all sincerity and goodwill addressed them thus: "My friends," said he, "princes and councillors of the Argives, if any other man of the Achaeans had told us of this dream we should have declared it false, and would have had nothing to do with it.
ild.02 Leaning, then, on his sceptre, he addressed the Argives.
ild.02 Then surely the Argives would have returned after a fashion that was not fated.
ild.02 But Juno said to Minerva, "Alas, daughter of aegis bearing Jove, unweariable, shall the Argives fly home to their own land over the broad sea, and leave Priam and the Trojans the glory of still keeping Helen, for whose sake so many of the Achaeans have died at Troy, far from their homes? Go about at once among the host, and speak fairly to them, man by man, that they draw not their ships into the sea.
ild.02 The people were sorry for him, yet they laughed heartily, and one would turn to his neighbour saying, Ulysses" has done many a good thing ere now in fight and council, but he never did the Argives a better turn than when he stopped this fellow s mouth from prating further.
ild.02 On this the Argives raised a shout, till the ships rang again with the uproar.
ild.02 Stand, therefore, son of Atreus, by your own steadfast purpose; lead the Argives on to battle, and leave this handful of men to rot, who scheme, and scheme in vain, to get back to Argos ere they have learned whether Jove be true or a liar.
ild.02 For the mighty son of Saturn surely promised that we should succeed, when we Argives set sail to bring death and destruction upon the Trojans.
ild.02 There he lay sick and sorry, and full soon did the Argives come to miss him.
ild.03 When Hector heard this he was glad, and went about among the Trojan ranks holding his spear by the middle to keep them back, and they all sat down at his bidding: but the Achaeans still aimed at him with stones and arrows, till Agamemnon shouted to them saying, "Hold, Argives, shoot not, sons of the Achaeans; Hector desires to speak.
ild.03 Priam then caught sight of Ajax and asked, "Who is that great and goodly warrior whose head and broad shoulders tower above the rest of the Argives?"
ild.04 Argives"," said he, "slacken not one whit in your onset; father Jove will be no helper of liars; the Trojans have been the first to break their oaths and to attack us; therefore they shall be devoured of Vultures; we shall take their city and carry off their wives and children in our ships.
ild.04 Argives"," he cried, "cowardly miserable creatures, have you no shame to stand here like frightened fawns who, when they can no longer scud over the plain, huddle together, but show no fight? You are as dazed and spiritless as Deer.
ild.04 "No need," he cried, "to give orders to such leaders of the Argives as you are, for of your own selves you spur your men on to fight with might and main.
ild.04 Hector, and they that were in front, then gave round while the Argives raised a shout and drew off the dead, pressing further forward as they did so.
ild.04 Trojans"," he cried, "rush on the foe, and do not let yourselves be thus beaten by the Argives.
ild.05 Then Pallas Minerva put valour into the heart of Diomed, son of Tydeus, that he might excel all the other Argives, and cover himself with glory.
ild.05 Then they rallied and again faced the Achaeans, but the Argives stood compact and firm, and were not driven back.
ild.05 Meanwhile the Argives were neither driven towards their ships by Mars and Hector, nor yet did they attack them; when they knew that Mars was with the Trojans they retreated, but kept their faces still turned towards the foe.
ild.05 Now when the Goddess Juno saw the Argives thus falling, she said to Minerva, "Alas, daughter of aegis bearing Jove, unweariable, the promise we made Menelaus that he should not return till he had sacked the city of Ilius will be of none effect if we let Mars rage thus furiously.
ild.05 She hid them in a thick cloud, and Simois made ambrosia spring up for them to eat; the two Goddesses then went on, flying like turtledoves in their eagerness to help the Argives.
ild.05 Argives"," she cried; "shame on cowardly creatures, brave in semblance only; as long as Achilles was fighting, fi his spear was so deadly that the Trojans dared not show themselves outside the Dardanian gates, but now they sally far from the city and fight even at your ships.
ild.05 Therefore I am retreating, and bidding the other Argives gather in this place, for I know that Mars is now lording it in the field.
ild.05 But now he was holding talk with Juno and myself, saying he would help the Argives and attack the Trojans; nevertheless he is with the Trojans, and has forgotten the Argives.
ild.06 Meanwhile Nestor shouted to the Argives, saying, "My friends, Danaan warriors, servants of Mars, let no man lag that he may spoil the dead, and bring back much booty to the ships.
ild.06 But Proetus devised his ruin, and being stronger than he, drove him from the land of the Argives, over which Jove had made him ruler.
ild.07 When, therefore, Minerva saw these men making havoc of the Argives, she darted down to Ilius from the summits of Olympus, and Apollo, who was looking on from Pergamus, went out to meet her; for he wanted the Trojans to be victorious.
ild.07 The old knight Peleus, counsellor and orator among the Myrmidons, loved when I was in his house to question me concerning the race and lineage of all the Argives.
ild.07 The Argives were elated as they beheld him, but the Trojans trembled in every limb, and the heart even of Hector beat quickly, but he could not now retreat and withdraw into the ranks behind him, for he had been the challenger.
ild.07 The Argives on their part also hastened from their ships, some to gather the corpses, and others to bring in wood.
ild.08 We will, however, since you so bid us, refrain from actual fighting, but we will make serviceable suggestions to the Argives that they may not all of them perish in your displeasure.
ild.08 It shall not stay my fury; my Horses will spring lightly over their trench, and when I am at their ships forget not to bring me fire that I may burn them, while I slaughter the Argives who will be all dazed and bewildered by the smoke.
ild.08 From this spot then, with a voice that could be heard afar, he shouted to the Danaans, saying, Argives", shame on you cowardly creatures, brave in semblance only; where are now our vaunts that we should prove victorious the vaunts we made so vaingloriously in Lemnos, when we ate the flesh of horned Cattle and filled our mixing bowls to the brim? You vowed that you would each of you stand against a hundred or two hundred men, and now you prove no match even for one for Hector, who will be ere long setting our ships in a blaze.
ild.08 We will, however, since you so bid us, refrain from actual fighting, but we will make serviceable suggestions to the Argives, that they may not all of them perish in your displeasure.
ild.08 And Jove answered, "To morrow morning, Juno, if you choose to do so, you will see the son of Saturn destroying large numbers of the Argives, for fierce Hector shall not cease fighting till he has roused the son of Peleus when they are fighting in dire straits at their ships sterns about the body of Patroclus.
ild.08 Would that I were as sure of being immortal and never growing old, and of being worshipped like Minerva and Apollo, as I am that this day will bring evil to the Argives.
ild.09 "My friends," said he, "princes and councillors Of the Argives, the hand of heaven has been laid heavily upon me.
ild.09 The Argives young and old know that you did so.
ild.09 Why, pray, must the Argives needs fight the Trojans? What made the son of Atreus gather the host and bring them? Was it not for the sake of Helen? Are the sons of Atreus the only men in the world who love their wives? Any man of common right feeling will love and cherish her who is his own, as I this Woman, with my whole heart, though she was but a fruitling of my spear.
ild.09 Were not the son of Atreus offering you gifts and promising others later if he were still furious and implacable I am not he that would bid you throw off your anger and help the Achaeans, no matter how great their need; but he is giving much now, and more hereafter; he has sent his captains to urge his suit, and has chosen those who of all the Argives are most acceptable to you; make not then their words and their coming to be of none effect.
ild.09 Ajax"," replied Achilles, "noble son of Telamon, you have spoken much to my liking, but my blood boils when I think it all over, and remember how the son of Atreus treated me with contumely as though I were some vile tramp, and that too in the presence of the Argives.
ild.10 Neither could Menelaus sleep, for he, too, boded ill for the Argives who for his sake had sailed from far over the seas to fight the Trojans.
ild.10 And King Agamemnon answered, Menelaus", we both of us need shrewd counsel to save the Argives and our ships, for Jove has changed his mind, and inclines towards Hector s sacrifices rather than ours.
ild.10 The Argives will rue it long and deeply.
ild.10 "In that case," answered Nestor, "the Argives will not blame him nor disobey his orders when he urges them to fight or gives them instructions.
ild.10 When they were beyond the trench that was dug round the wall they held their meeting on the open ground where there was a space clear of corpses, for it was here that when night fell Hector had turned back from his onslaught on the Argives.
ild.10 Son" of Tydeus," replied Ulysses, "say neither good nor ill about me, for you are among Argives who know me well.
ild.10 "My friends," said he, "princes and counsellors of the Argives, shall I guess right or wrong? but I must say what I think: there is a sound in my ears as of the tramp of Horses.
ild.10 I hope it may Diomed and Ulysses driving in Horses from the Trojans, but I much fear that the bravest of the Argives may have come to some harm at their hands.
ild.11 The son of Atreus shouted aloud and bade the Argives gird themselves for battle while he put on his armour.
ild.11 As a Lion fastens on the fawns of a hind and crushes them in his great jaws, robbing them of their tender life while he on his way back to his lair the hind can do nothing for them even though she be close by, for she is in an agony of fear, and flies through the thick forest, sweating, and at her utmost speed before the mighty monster so, no man of the Trojans could help Isus and Antiphus, for they were themselves flying panic before the Argives.
ild.11 The Trojans then wheeled round, and again met the Achaeans, while the Argives on their part strengthened their battalions.
ild.11 With a loud clear voice he shouted to the Danaans, "My friends, princes and counsellors of the Argives, defend the ships yourselves, for Jove has not suffered me to fight the whole day through against the Trojans.
ild.11 Ulysses was now alone; not one of the Argives stood by him, for they were all panic stricken.
ild.11 Eurypylus sprang upon him, and stripped the armour from his shoulders; but when Alexandrus saw him, he aimed an arrow at him which struck him in the right thigh; the arrow broke, but the point that was left in the wound dragged on the thigh; he drew back, therefore, under cover of his comrades to save his life, shouting as he did so to the Danaans, "My friends, princes and counsellors of the Argives, rally to the defence of Ajax who is being overpowered, and I doubt whether he will come out of the fight alive.
ild.12 SO THE son of Menoetius was attending to the hurt of Eurypylus within the tent, but the Argives and Trojans still fought desperately, nor were the trench and the high wall above it, to keep the Trojans in check longer.
ild.12 So long as Hector lived and Achilles nursed his anger, and so long as the city of Priam remained untaken, the great wall of the Achaeans stood firm; but when the bravest of the Trojans were no more, and many also of the Argives, though some were yet left alive when, moreover, the city was sacked in the tenth year, and the Argives had gone back with their ships to their own country then Neptune and Apollo took counsel to destroy the wall, and they turned on to it the streams of all the rivers from Mount Ida into the sea, Rhesus, Heptaporus, Caresus, Rhodius, Grenicus, Aesopus, and goodly Scamander, with Simois, where many a shield and helm had fallen, and many a hero of the race of demigods had bitten the dust.
ild.12 The Argives, cowed by the scourge of Jove, were hemmed in at their ships in fear of Hector the mighty minister of Rout, who as heretofore fought with the force and fury of a whirlwind.
ild.12 The Argives, discomfited though they were, were forced to defend their ships, and all the Gods who were defending the Achaeans were vexed in spirit; but the Lapithae kept on fighting with might and main.
ild.12 Why are you so fearful? Though we be all of us slain at the ships of the Argives you are not likely to be killed yourself, for you are not steadfast nor courageous.
ild.12 "My friends," they cried, Argives" one and all good bad and indifferent, for there was never fight yet, in which all were of equal prowess there is now work enough, as you very well know, for all of you.
ild.12 Still the Trojans and brave Hector would not yet have broken down the gates and the great bar, had not Jove turned his son Sarpedon against the Argives as a Lion against a herd of horned Cattle.
ild.12 When he reached the Ajaxes he said to them, Sirs", princes of the Argives, the son of noble Peteos bids you come to him for a while and help him.
ild.12 The Argives on their part got their men in fighting order within the wall, and there was a deadly struggle between them.
ild.12 As he did so, he cried aloud to the Trojans, "Up, Trojans, break the wall of the Argives, and fling fire upon their ships.
ild.13 Meanwhile earth encircling Neptune lord of the earthquake cheered on the Argives, for he had come up out of the sea and had assumed the form and voice of Calchas.
ild.13 Shame" on you young Argives," he cried, "it was on your prowess I relied for the saving of our ships; if you fight not with might and main, this very day will see us overcome by the Trojans.
ild.13 Neptune on the other hand went about among the Argives to incite them, having come up from the grey sea in secret, for he was grieved at seeing them vanquished by the Trojans, and was furiously angry with Jove.
ild.13 Both were of the same race and country, but Jove was elder born and knew more, therefore Neptune feared to defend the Argives openly, but in the likeness of man, he kept on encouraging them throughout their host.
ild.13 Thus did he vaunt, and the Argives were stung by his saying.
ild.13 But Hector had not yet heard, and did not know that the Argives were making havoc of his men on the left wing of the battle, where the Achaeans ere long would have triumphed over them, so vigorously did Neptune cheer them on and help them.
ild.13 When they heard his voice they all hastened to gather round Polydamas the excellent son of Panthous, but Hector kept on among the foremost, looking everywhere to find Deiphobus and prince Helenus, Adamas son of Asius, and Asius son of Hyrtacus; living, indeed, and scatheless he could no longer find them, for the two last were lying by the sterns of the Achaean ships, slain by the Argives, while the others had been also stricken and wounded by them; but upon the left wing of the dread battle he found Alexandrus, husband of lovely Helen, cheering his men and urging them on to fight.
ild.13 Sir"," he cried, "draw near; why do you think thus vainly to dismay the Argives? We Achaeans are excellent soldiers, but the scourge of Jove has fallen heavily upon us.
ild.13 The Argives on their part raised a shout likewise, nor did they forget their prowess, but stood firm against the onslaught of the Trojan chieftains, and the cry from both the hosts rose up to heaven and to the brightness of Jove s presence.
ild.14 Is it thus that you would quit the city of Troy, to win which we have suffered so much hardship? Hold your peace, lest some other of the Achaeans hear you say what no man who knows how to give good counsel, no king over so great a host as that of the Argives should ever have let fall from his lips.
ild.14 He married into the family of Adrastus, and his house was one of great abundance, for he had large estates of rich corn growing land, with much orchard ground as well, and he had many Sheep; moreover he excelled all the Argives in the use of the spear.
ild.14 He darted forward among the first ranks and shouted saying, Argives", shall we let Hector son of Priam have the triumph of taking our ships and covering himself with glory? This is what he says that he shall now do, seeing that Achilles is still in dudgeon at his ship; We shall get on very well without him if we keep each other in heart and stand by one another.
ild.14 When the Argives saw Hector leaving the field, they took heart and set upon the Trojans yet more furiously.
ild.14 The Argives were maddened by this boasting.
ild.14 His taunts infuriated the Argives, and Peneleos was more enraged than any of them.
ild.14 Trojans"," he cried, "bid the father and mother of noble Ilioneus make moan for him in their house, for the wife also of Promachus son of Alegenor will never be gladdened by the coming of her dear husband when we Argives return with our ships from Troy.
ild.14 Tell me now, O Muses that dwell on Olympus, who was the first of the Argives to bear away blood stained spoils after Neptune lord of the earthquake had turned the fortune of war.
ild.15 The Argives held together and stood their ground.
ild.15 He kicked down the wall of the Achaeans as easily as a child who playing on the sea shore has built a house of sand and then kicks it down again and destroys it even so did you, O Apollo, shed toil and trouble upon the Argives, filling them with panic and confusion.
ild.15 It is easy to see when Jove is helping people and means to help them still further, or again when he is bringing them down and will do nothing for them; he is now on our side, and is going against the Argives.
ild.15 Ajax on the other side exhorted his comrades saying, Shame" on you Argives, we are now utterly undone, unless we can save ourselves by driving the enemy from our ships.
ild.15 Hector now rebuked him and said, "Why, Melanippus, are we thus remiss? do you take no note of the death of your kinsman, and do you not see how they are trying to take Dolops s armour? Follow me; there must be no fighting the Argives from a distance now, but we must do so in close combat till either we kill them or they take the high wall of Ilius and slay her people.
ild.15 Meanwhile Ajax son of Telamon was cheering on the Argives.
ild.15 The Trojans, fierce as Lions, were still rushing on towards the ships in fulfilment of the behests of Jove who kept spurring them on to new deeds of daring, while he deadened the courage of the Argives and defeated them by encouraging the Trojans.
ild.15 The Argives were driven back from the first row of ships, but they made a stand by their tents without being broken up and scattered; shame and fear restrained them.
ild.16 Have you anything to say to the Myrmidons or to myself? or have you had news from Phthia which you alone know? They tell me Menoetius son of Actor is still alive, as also Peleus son of Aeacus, among the Myrmidons men whose loss we two should bitterly deplore; or are you grieving about the Argives and the way in which they are being killed at the ships, throu their own high handed doings? Do not hide anything from me but tell me that both of us may know about it.
ild.16 Then, O knight Patroclus, with a deep sigh you answered, Achilles", son of Peleus, foremost champion of the Achaeans, do not be angry, but I weep for the disaster that has now befallen the Argives.
ild.16 Who in future story will speak well of you unless you now save the Argives from ruin? You know no pity; knight Peleus was not your father nor Thetis your mother, but the grey sea bore you and the sheer cliffs begot you, so cruel and remorseless are you.
ild.16 Still, let bygones be bygones: no man may keep his anger for ever; I said I would not relent till battle and the cry of war had reached my own ships; nevertheless, now gird my armour about your shoulders, and lead the Myrmidons to battle, for the dark cloud of Trojans has burst furiously over our fleet; the Argives are driven back on to the beach, cooped within a narrow space, and the whole people of Troy has taken heart to sally out against them, because they see not the visor of my helmet gleaming near them.
ild.16 Would, by father Jove, Minerva, and Apollo, that not a single man of all the Trojans might be left alive, nor yet of the Argives, but that we two might be alone left to tear aside the mantle that veils the brow of Troy.
ild.16 Patroclus called out to his men at the top of his voice, Myrmidons", followers of Achilles son of Peleus, be men my friends, fight with might and with main, that we may win glory for the son of Peleus, who is far the foremost man at the ships of the Argives he, and his close fighting followers.
ild.16 Apollo passed in among them, and struck panic into the Argives, while he gave triumph to Hector and the Trojans.
ild.17 Could we get this dead man away and bring him into the city of Priam, the Argives would readily give up the armour of Sarpedon, and we should get his body to boot.
ild.17 "My friends," he cried, "princes and counsellors of the Argives, all you who with Agamemnon and Menelaus drink at the public cost, and give orders each to his own people as Jove vouchsafes him power and glory, the fight is so thick about me that I cannot distinguish you severally; come on, therefore, every man unbidden, and think it shame that Patroclus should become meat and morsel for Trojan hounds.
ild.17 Hector and those who were in the front rank then gave ground, while the Argives raised a loud cry of triumph, and drew off the bodies of Phorcys and Hippothous which they stripped presently of their armour.
ild.17 The Trojans would now have been worsted by the brave Achaeans and driven back to Ilius through their own cowardice, while the Argives, so great was their courage and endurance, would have achieved a triumph even against the will of Jove, if Apollo had not roused Aeneas, in the likeness of Periphas son of Epytus, an attendant who had grown old in the service of Aeneas aged father, and was at all times devoted to him.
ild.17 On this he cried out to the two Ajaxes and Menelaus, Ajaxes" captains of the Argives, and Menelaus, give the dead body over to them that are best able to defend it, and come to the rescue of us living; for Hector and Aeneas who are the two best men among the Trojans, are pressing us hard in the full tide of war.
ild.17 He charged Meriones and the two Ajaxes straitly saying, Ajaxes" and Meriones, leaders of the Argives, now indeed remember how good Patroclus was; he was ever courteous while alive, bear it in mind now that he is dead.
ild.18 Then the Trojans hemmed the Achaeans in at their ships sterns and would not let them come forth; the elders, therefore, of the Argives besought Achilles and offered him great treasure, whereon he refused to bring deliverance to them himself, but put his own armour on Patroclus and sent him into the fight with much people after him.
ild.19 There is a fine child born this day, Eurystheus, son to Sthenelus the son of Perseus; he is of your lineage; it is well, therefore, that he should reign over the Argives.
ild.19 Even so did I grieve when mighty Hector was killing the Argives at their ships, and all the time I kept thinking of Folly who had so baned me.
ild.19 Moreover let him swear an oath before the Argives that he has never gone up into the couch of Briseis, nor been with her after the manner of men and Women; and do you, too, show yourself of a gracious mind; let Agamemnon entertain you in his tents with a feast of reconciliation, that so you may have had your dues in full.
ild.19 Then Achilles also rose and said to the Argives, Father" Jove, of a truth you blind men s eyes and bane them.
ild.21 Then Minerva vaunted over her saying, "May all who help the Trojans against the Argives prove just as redoubtable and stalwart as Venus did when she came across me while she was helping Mars.
ild.22 When Achilles had done spoiling Hector of his armour, he stood among the Argives and said, "My friends, princes and counsellors of the Argives, now that heaven has vouchsafed us to overcome this man, who has done us more hurt than all the others together, consider whether we should not attack the city in force, and discover in what mind the Trojans may be.
ild.23 Then he stood up and spoke among the Argives saying
ild.23 He stood up and said among the Argives, "My friends, princes and counsellors of the Argives, can you see the running as well as I can? There seems to be another pair in front now, and another driver; those that led off at the start must have been disabled out on the plain.
ild.23 Come up and see for yourselves, I cannot make out for certain, but the driver seems an Aetolian by descent, ruler over the Argives, brave Diomed the son of Tydeus.
ild.23 When Achilles saw him he was sorry, and stood up among the Argives saying, "The best man is coming in last.
ild.23 An attendant placed his staff in his hands and bade the Argives keep silence: the hero then addressed them.
ild.23 Antilochus"," said he, "what is this from you who have been so far blameless? You have made me cut a poor figure and baulked my Horses by flinging your own in front of them, though yours are much worse than mine are; therefore, O princes and counsellors of the Argives, judge between us and show no favour, lest one of the Achaeans say, Menelaus has got the mare through lying and corruption; his Horses were far inferior to Antilochus s, but he has greater weight and influence.
ild.23 Meriones, who had come in fourth, carried off the two talents of Gold, and the fifth prize, the two handled urn, being unawarded, Achilles gave it to Nestor, going up to him among the assembled Argives and saying, "Take this, my good old friend, as an heirloom and memorial of the funeral of Patroclus for you shall see him no more among the Argives.
ild.23 Then he stood up and said among the Argives, Son" of Atreus, and all other Achaeans, I invite our two champion boxers to lay about them lustily and compete for these prizes.
ild.23 The son of Peleus now brought out the prizes for the third contest and showed them to the Argives.
ild.23 He rose and said among the Argives, "Stand forward, you who will essay this contest.
ild.23 He then rose and said among the Argives, "Stand forward, you who will essay this contest.
ild.23 Then he said to the Argives, "Alas, the Goddess has spoiled my running; she watches over Ulysses and stands by him as though she were his own mother.
ild.23 He stood up and said among the Argives, "We bid two champions put on their armour, take their keen blades, and make trial of one another in the presence of the multitude; whichever of them can first wound the flesh of the other, cut through his armour, and draw blood, to him will I give this goodly Thracian sword inlaid with Silver, which I took from Asteropaeus, but the armour let both hold in partnership, and I will give each of them a hearty meal in my own tent.
ild.23 He stood up and said among the Argives, "Stand forward, you who would essay this contest.
ild.24 His daughters and his sons wives went wailing about the house, as they thought of the many and brave men who lay dead, slain by the Argives.
ild.24 If all seeing Jove will not send you this messenger, however set upon it you may be, I would not have you go to the ships of the Argives.
ild.24 Many a time have I set eyes upon him in battle when he was driving the Argives to their ships and putting them to the sword.
ild.24 Then King Priam spoke to them saying, "Bring wood, O Trojans, to the city, and fear no cunning ambush of the Argives, for Achilles when he dismissed me from the ships gave me his word that they should not attack us until the morning of the twelfth day.

Arise Greece! from thy silent sleep, 2000 years long it is! Forget not, thy ancient culture, beautiful and marvelous it is!

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